US senator urges US Commerce Dept. to act on forced labour in China’s Xinjiang


United States senator Bob Menendez has urged the US Commerce Department to stop American firms and consumers from buying goods produced under “horrific” forced labour conditions in China’s Xinjiang region, saying that American firms are wilfully ignoring the mass repression of the minorities involved.

In a letter to Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, Sen. Menendez said recent reports indicated a wide array of U.S. companies, including Apple, Kraft Heinz, Coca-Cola, and Gap, had sourced, or continued to source goods from Xinjiang.

“Moreover, there are consistent reports that U.S. companies fail to undertake basic labour and human rights assessments in Xinjiang, in essence wilfully ignoring the horrific conditions of forced labour in Xinjiang,” Menendez, the ranking member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, said in the letter.

“In failing to uphold their responsibilities to vet their supply chains, these companies may be complicit in the mass repression of Uighurs, ethnic Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, and members of other Muslim minority groups,” he said.

The firms Menendez mentioned did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

On Wednesday, China denied instances of forced labour by Uighurs.

“The labour contracts are signed on the basis of equality and mutual consultation with the employer, and employees receive the appropriate compensation,” foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told a daily news briefing.

The United Nations estimates more than a million Muslim Uighurs have been detained in camps in Xinjiang in recent years. China denies it violates Uighur rights and says the camps are designed to stamp out terrorism and provide vocational skills.

Menendez, who has called for sanctions on China over the issue, also sought information about U.S. government contractors who source cotton from China, which produces 84% of its cotton in far western Xinjiang.

“The use of materials that are manufactured using forced labour is unacceptable for products in U.S. markets,” he said in the letter.

In a report this month, an Australian think tank said tens of thousands of ethnic Uighurs had been transferred to work in factories across China supplying 83 global brands in conditions “that strongly suggest forced labour.”

Nike Inc, which was included in that report, said in a statement on its website that while the company “does not directly source products from the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region,” it had been conducting due diligence with suppliers in China to identify and assess potential risks related to employment of people from the region.

On Monday, the Washington-based Fair Labour Association, which runs due diligence for major multinational firms, said it was “deeply troubled by credible reports of forced labour and other violations of fundamental rights in Xinjiang.”

It said, “We have directed our affiliates to review their direct and indirect sourcing relationships, identify alternative sourcing opportunities, and develop time bound plans to ensure that their sourcing is in line with the FLA’s principles.” (Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation)