US eases some restrictions on humanitarian aid for Afghanistan


The US Treasury Department on Wednesday announced it would ease restrictions on some humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan as the country faces a severe economic crisis following the Taliban takeover in August.

The department issued three new general licenses that allow the US government and international and humanitarian organisations to send more assistance to Afghanistan without running afoul of sanctions on the Taliban.

The combination of the pandemic, a severe drought and a cash shortage have left the country’s fragile economy on the brink of collapse.

“The United States is the largest single provider of humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan,” Mr. Wally Adeyemo, the deputy Treasury secretary, said in a statement. “We are committed to supporting the people of Afghanistan, which is why Treasury is taking these additional steps to facilitate assistance.”

But diplomats and activists said the changes might not be enough to rescue Afghanistan from what one UN official called “shocking levels of need and suffering”.

The humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan has put the Biden administration on the defensive three months after the Taliban assumed power and American and international forces left the country.

US and international sanctions that were designed to cut the Taliban off from the international financial system have left the entire country with a cash shortage, crippling banks and businesses and sending prices soaring.

The United States does not recognise the Taliban as the legitimate government of Afghanistan. Following the group’s takeover of the country this year, the Biden administration froze US$9.5 billion (S$12.94 billion) of Afghanistan’s foreign reserves, stopped sending shipments of dollars to Afghanistan’s central bank and pressured the International Monetary Fund to delay plans to transmit emergency reserve funds to the country.

The Treasury Department said new “general licenses” would allow financial transactions involving the Taliban and members of the Haqqani network as long as the money was used for things such as projects to meet basic human needs, civil society development and environmental and natural resource protection.

The move comes after the Treasury Department this month issued a license allowing personal remittance payments to be sent to people in Afghanistan.

The Biden administration is walking a delicate line between trying to provide relief to the people of Afghanistan and keeping economic pressure on the Taliban as leverage to prevent human rights abuses and terrorist activity.

Biden administration officials said that international aid groups have deep experience working with countries where sanctions are in place and that they were hopeful that the relief would reach its intended recipients.

“We’re very conscious of the fact that there is an incredibly difficult humanitarian situation right now, one that could get worse as winter sets in,” Secretary of State Antony Blinken told reporters in an end-of-year news conference Tuesday.

He called the problem “an area of intense focus” for the administration, while noting that the United States was the top provider of humanitarian aid to the country.

International organisations have been accelerating their efforts to provide assistance in recent weeks.

The World Bank said this month that the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund donors would transfer US$280 million to Unicef and the World Food Programme by the end of the year to provide humanitarian help to Afghanistan.

Also Wednesday, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution that seeks to reduce the legal and political risks of delivering humanitarian aid to Afghanistan. (Source: The Straits Times)