Unaccompanied children refugees could be at risk of abuse, trafficking and child labour as they wait to be reunited with their families after fleeing into Sudan to escape the conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, aid agencies warned.
When fighting erupted in November between Ethiopian federal troops and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), more than 58,000 Ethiopian refugees have crossed into Sudan, about a third of them children, a UN agency said.
The U.N. refugee agency (UNHCR) said more than 100 unaccompanied minors had been reunited with their families since the beginning of the conflict, but roughly the same number were still on their own in Sudan at the end of last year.
“Children travelling alone with no protection from an adult are more exposed to exploitation, trafficking and different types of abuse,” said Vanessa Coeffe, senior child protection manager at the International Rescue Committee (IRC).
Aid workers said the reunification efforts have been hampered by the additional movement of refugees from transit centres to camps in Sudan. Since early January, the UNHCR has moved thousands of refugees to the new Tunaydbah camp.
BakarySogoba, child protection specialist at the U.N. children’s agency (UNICEF) in Sudan, said the lack of access to Tigray – where some of the children’s relatives remain – could present a further challenge to family reunification work.
In the meantime, aid workers said it was crucial to look into alternative care options for children – some of them traumatized – whose parents could still not be found.
Living conditions in the camps can protract traumatic experiences, and gender-based violence and sexual exploitation are additional risks, said AnikaKrstic, country director for Plan International Sudan.
“As responders, (we need) to make sure that there is prevention, that there is awareness and that there are ways of seeking recourse and assistance,” Krstic told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
“We need to do more but all of the prevention measures that are usual in such emergency situations are being set up.”
Some unaccompanied and separated children have already been placed in foster care or communal centres, while child-friendly spaces and temporary learning centres have been set up in camps.
“A strong network of able social animators and social workers – when possible also within the same refugee community – is pivotal to keep the children safe from risks such as abuse or exploitation,” said Giulia Raffaelli, senior external relations officer at UNHCR in Sudan.
Still, the IRC voiced concern that the lack of services, education and safe areas for children in the new Tunaydbah camp had pushed some refugees into child labour. (Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation)