UN Human Rights chief arrives in China for historic visit


United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet begins her visit to Xinjiang province of China today, the first trip by a rights chief since 2005, amid concerns that it could lead to an endorsement rather than scrutiny of China’s rights record.

The High Commissioner’s office said last year it believes the mostly Muslim ethnic Uyghurs from the province have been unlawfully detained, mistreated and forced to work.

China has repeatedly denied any mistreatment of Uyghurs.

Ms. Bachelet’s six-day trip, from May 23-28, has been long in the making after she said in 2018 that she wanted unfettered access to Xinjiang.

China said the visit should not be based on the presumption of guilt. It is unclear how much access Ms. Bachelet will be granted.

Rights groups worry that if Ms. Bachelet does not press China hard enough, her post-trip report may not give a full picture and could be used by Beijing to justify its actions in Xinjiang.

The World Uyghur Congress (WUC) in a letter urged Ms. Bachelet to ensure that her team can move freely, access all detention facilities and have unsupervised contact with Uyghurs.

“We are concerned the trip might do more harm than good. China could use it for propaganda purposes,” WUC spokesman Zumretay Arkin told Reuters.

International scrutiny of the government’s actions in Xinjiang heightened in 2018 after the United Nations said one million Uyghurs were held in “massive internment camps” set up for political indoctrination.

China initially denied the existence of any camps, then later admitted it had set up “vocational training centres” with dormitories where people can “voluntarily” check themselves in to learn about law, the Chinese language and vocational skills.

The ruling Communist Party said such centres are necessary to curb the “three forces” of terrorism, separatism and religious radicalism in Xinjiang, which borders Central Asia on China’s north-western frontier.

Xinjiang Governor Shohrat Zakir said in 2019 that all trainees had “graduated”.

The United States sanctioned Chinese officials accused of rights abuses in Xinjiang in 2020 and 2021, and imposed bans on goods produced in Xinjiang over concerns of forced labour.

Beijing has denied Western allegations of forced labour, genocide and human rights abuses and repeatedly warned other countries not to interfere in its domestic affairs. (Source: The Straits Times)