UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres made a plea in front of Myanmar’s de facto head Aung San Suu Kyi to ensure the “safe” return of Rohingya refugees driven out by army operations.
Speaking at a summit of Southeast Asian leaders in Bangkok, Guterres said he remains “deeply concerned” about the plight of the Rohingya.
Violence in Rakhine state in 2017 forced more than 740,000 Rohingya to flee, most seeking refuge in overcrowded camps in neighbouring Bangladesh, in what UN investigators say amounted to genocide.
Myanmar does not recognise the Rohingya as citizens but as migrants from south Asia.
The country says it welcomes back those who agree to a bureaucratic status below full citizenship, and if they agree to live under tight guard after their villages were incinerated.
Guterres said Myanmar is responsible to “ensure a conducive environment for the safe, voluntary, dignified and sustainable repatriation of refugees”.
The Myanmar leader sat in the room expressionless as Guterres spoke.
Only a few hundred Rohingya have returned to Myanmar so far, with many fearing further persecution in the Buddhist-majority country.
The secretary-general also called on Myanmar “to ensure humanitarian actors have full and unfettered access to areas of return”.
Despite repeated entreaties by the UN and endless criticism by rights groups and world leaders, Myanmar has refused to bend in its approach to the Rohingya.
Much of Rakhine remains largely closed to aid workers and journalists, who can only visit on tightly controlled, military-chaperoned trips.
Aung San Suu Kyi has come under fire for failing to use her moral force to defend Rohingya after the 2017 unrest.
The treatment of the minority has shredded her image as an upholder of human rights in the eyes of the Western world.
Myanmar’s army has come under fire for covering up the crackdown, which it blamed on Rohingya “terrorists”.
A leaked ASEAN report earlier this year said the repatriation effort could take a further two years.
Aung San Suu Kyi has faced pressure over her country’s treatment of the Rohingya from fellow ASEAN members Malaysia and Indonesia, which are both Muslim-majority. (Source: CNA/AFP)