UN human rights experts expressed serious concern over the United Kingdom’s Nationality and Borders Bill, which they said breaches the country’s obligations under international law.
Five independent UN human rights experts said on Friday that if adopted, the bill would “seriously undermine the protection of the human rights of trafficked persons, including children; increase risks of exploitation faced by all migrants and asylum seekers; and lead to serious human rights violations”.
Siobhán Mullally, the UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, said in a statement that “the bill fails to acknowledge the Government’s obligation to ensure protection for migrant and asylum-seeking children, and greatly increases risks of Statelessness, in violation of international law”.
Seeking and enjoying asylum is a fundamental human right, according to the UN experts.
However, the bill does not respect the UK’s obligations under international human rights and refugee law, but instead dismantles a core protection of democratic societies and pushes vulnerable people into dangerous situations.
If passed, it could penalize asylum-seekers and refugees, violating the principle of non-punishment in international law and discriminating between categories of asylum seekers, which is contrary to international law, the experts said.
They also highlighted the specific risks faced by migrant and refugee women.
Under this bill, women who have experienced gender-based violence can be turned away from the UK rather than be allowed to seek and find safety.
“The Government’s repeated public statements on combating trafficking and modern slavery, must be matched by concrete action to ensure equal protection of the law for all victims of trafficking and modern slavery, without discrimination,” underscored the experts.
The experts expressed alarm that the bill would increase the possibility of “arbitrary deprivation of citizenship”, which they reminded, has a troubled history rooted in racism and discrimination, and increases the risk of Statelessness.
“The bill instrumentalises national security concerns, increasing risks of discrimination and of serious human rights violations, in particular against minorities, migrants and refugees,” they spelled out, urging the Government to reverse the proposed measures.
In November, the experts sent a letter to the UK Government, outlining a range of concerns about the bill.
In addition to Ms. Mullally, the other experts who signed the statement were Felipe González Morales, Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Fionnuala NíAoláin, Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights while countering terrorism and Tomoya Obokata, Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and consequences.
Reem Alsalem, Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences also endorsed the statement. (Source: UN News)