Thai airport staff file lawsuit over labour rights amid COVID-19 pandemic


A number of Thai airport employees at Bangkok’s Suvarnabhumi Airport are suing a security company hired by state-owned Airports of Thailand (AOT), claiming they were coerced into accepting new contracts with worse terms or risk losing their jobs.

In an exclusive report by the Thomson Reuters Foundation, ten security workers claimed in their lawsuit they were pressured to resign from ASM Management and sign new contracts as part of a restructuring in May by AOT.

The workers in the lawsuit said their new contracts with AOT Aviation Security (AOT AVSEC) – a joint venture between AOT, ASM, and two other security companies – left them on lower pay and without benefits such as a transport allowance.

The case was filed in July but had not been made public.

AOT, which manages six airports, has been hit hard by coronavirus pandemic.

Labour rights’ campaigners have voiced concerns about companies capitalising on the pandemic as an opportunity to cut costs by coercing workers to accept worse terms and conditions.

Thailand is fast returning to normalcy having recorded about 58 COVID-19 deaths and 3,440 cases since January, but the tourism-reliant economy has been battered by the collapse of global travel and a ban on foreign travellers imposed in April.

ASM and AOT declined to be interviewed for this article.

AOT AVSEC’s human resources manager Pasakorn Aksornsuwan said staff had been “transferred” from ASM, with years of prior service reflected in their salaries. He said the new venture was not involved in making any of them sign resignation letters.

One security guard on the lawsuit, Komkrich Dearkhuntod, said he and 100-odd other staff at ASM were given about 10 minutes to resign then sign a new contract one night in April.

“Our supervisor told us everything (at AOT AVSEC) would be better than at ASM,” he said. “They saw us as security guards and looked down on us since we had little education, they thought they could trick us into signing those papers.”

Several workers told the Thomson Reuters Foundation that they had heard of hundreds of their colleagues being affected, but said most would not speak out for fear of losing their jobs.

AOT AVSEC said 3,000 of its 5,200 person workforce had come from ASM, which previously supplied about 3,500 workers to AOT.

It is unclear if all 3,000 ex-ASM staff signed resignation letters before joining AOT AVSEC, and it is unknown how many of the remaining workers were made redundant or left voluntarily.

Pasakorn of AOT AVSEC said some of its workers who had previously been at ASM were now earning less because of pandemic-related cuts to working hours, a lack of overtime payments, and fewer benefits compared with their former jobs.

AOT last month posted its worst-ever quarter while seven Thai airlines asked for a combined 24 billion baht (US$770 million) in low interest loans and other support from the government, which is considering the request.

However labour rights campaigners fear subcontractors such as ASM are using the pandemic as an opportunity to cut costs by forcing workers to accept worse terms and conditions.

Union President Ampai Wivatthanasathapat urged AOT to take responsibility and ensure workers were treated lawfully.

“There is a growing trend of labour rights violations among outsourced companies (at the airport), with firms pressuring workers to resign in order to avoid severance pay,” she said.

Pornnarai Thuiyakhai, the lawyer who filed the lawsuit, said he hoped ASM would repay the workers and that the legal action could put pressure on AOT AVSEC to improve the terms of employment for its staff and reinstate their accrued benefits.

The Labour Court in central Ayutthaya province will hold the first mediation session in January next year, Pornnarai said. (Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation)