The #MeToo movement in Egypt is having its second wind as more women publicly aired claims of sexual abuse and assault by members of the country’s wealthy elite.
Unprecedented in its intensity in the deeply conservative country, the campaign forced state and religious authorities to take a firmer stand against sexual abuse.
The outrage and anger started when the Instagram account “Assault Police”, started gathering statements and accusations against Ahmed Bassam Zaki, a 22-year-old former student of some of Egypt’s most elite schools and universities.
They have ranged from claims that he took part in a rape at the gym hall of a gated residential community to screen-grabs showing salacious messages and blackmail of women.
Some alleged incidents involved girls as young as 14.
Police on July 04 arrested Zaki who, according to prosecutors, has confessed to assaulting at least six girls including one aged under 18 and to blackmailing the victims.
While Zaki is awaiting trial, his case has kicked off a wave of other complaints in a society where, United Nations surveys say, most women have experienced catcalling, pinching, groping or worse.
“Women immediately jumped at the opportunity to vent and tell their stories,” the Instagram page administrator told AFP, requesting anonymity for fear of reprisals.
“It is now bigger than Ahmed Bassam Zaki. We receive a dozen messages per minute from girls and women telling of personal incidents of harassment, abuse and rape, some dating back years.”
Following Zaki’s arrest, the campaign has swept up other well-known figures.
One of them is Mohamed Hashem, a writer and founder of a top publishing house, who was detained over harassment allegations but later released on bail.
The current momentum builds on earlier #MeToo waves in Egypt, the latest in January following a mob assault on two women in Mansoura, north of Cairo, on New Year’s Eve.
The Zaki case highlights that sexual assault and harassment — widely perceived to be more prevalent among the poorer classes — pervades all levels of society.
Zaki is a former student of the prestigious American University in Cairo. He briefly went on to study in Barcelona but was expelled this month after a claim of online harassment by another student.
“We are talking about Class A, the creme de la creme of society who enrols in universities and schools worth tens of thousands of pounds annually,” said Fathy Farid of Aman, an initiative against gender-based violence.
Campaigners hope the case will help shift attitudes in Egypt, which only criminalised sexual harassment in 2014.
Women in Egypt are often reluctant to speak out about sexual harassment, fearing public shaming and being blamed for wearing “provocative” clothing.
As more online testimonies have kept pouring in, the National Council for Women said it had received at least 400 complaints and enquiries on sexual harassment and abuse.
The government of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has taken some action.
His cabinet has approved amendments, yet to be passed by parliament, to the criminal code that would grant the right of anonymity to victims of sexual assault.
And the prestigious religious institution Al Azhar released a strongly-worded statement lambasting harassment as “forbidden and deviant”.
The Dar al-Iftar, in charge of issuing religious edicts, slammed those who blame women for wearing provocative clothing as “sick”.
The Instagram activist said the goal is, “if we’re not forced to shut down the account for any reason, to turn Assault Police into a platform for women to share their stories.
“We are optimistic about making this country a safer place for women.” (Source: Bangkok Post)