Self-exiled Pakistani rights activist found dead after going missing


Pakistani human rights activist Karima Baloch who lived in exile in Canada and campaigned on rights violations in her native country, was found dead in Toronto on Monday, a day after she went missing.

Ms. Baloch, 37, a campaigner from the restive region of Balochistan in western Pakistan, was a vocal critic of the Pakistani military and state.

The Toronto police issued an appeal after she went missing on Sunday and later confirmed that her body had been found, although they said there were “not believed to be any suspicious circumstances”.

Ms. Baloch was the first female head of the Baloch Students Organization (BSO), a banned activist group. She had been advocating for the rights of those in a region which is home to a long-running insurgency movement.

She was listed by the BBC in its 100 most inspirational and influential women of 2016 for her work in human rights. She left Pakistan in 2015, after terrorism charges were levelled against her.

She continued to campaign in exile for the rights of people in Balochistan, both on social media and in person. And the threats followed her, according to Lateef Johar Baloch, a close friend and fellow activist who also lives in Toronto.

He told the BBC that Ms. Baloch had recently received anonymous threats warning someone would send her a “Christmas gift” and “teach her a lesson”.

Ms. Baloch’s sister told the BBC Urdu service on Tuesday that her death was “not only a tragedy for the family, but also for the Baloch national movement”.

“She didn’t go abroad because she wanted to, but because… open activism in Pakistan had become impossible,” Mahganj Baloch said.

Activists in Balochistan say thousands of campaigners have gone missing in recent years. The Pakistani military denies accusations that it’s brutally suppressing the region’s aspirations for autonomy.

Several members of Ms. Baloch’s extended family had been linked to the Baloch resistance movement over the years, and two of her uncles – a brother of her mother and a brother of her father – had gone missing. Their dead bodies were later found.

She joined the BSO in 2006, serving in several different positions in the following years. The group was officially banned by the government in 2013, but its existence continued and Ms. Baloch became chairperson in 2015.

Only a few months later, she went into exile after terrorism charges were filed against her. In Toronto, she married a fellow activist, Hamal Baloch, and remained active both on social media and in human rights activities in Canada and Europe.

Reacting to the news of Ms. Baloch’s death, the Balochistan National Movement (BNM) announced a 40-day mourning period.

Earlier this year, another former Baloch resident living in exile in Sweden, journalist Sajid Hussain Baloch, went missing and was later found dead. He was related to Karima Baloch.

Swedish police ruled out any “visible wrongdoing” and the cause of death was ruled to be drowning. (Source: BBC)