The South Korean government vowed to seek an “amicable solution” and “make every effort to continue constructive and future-oriented cooperation” as a court ordered Japan to compensate former “comfort women” over their treatment in military brothels.
In a statement on Saturday, the Foreign Ministry acknowledged that a 2015 bilateral agreement on settling the comfort women issue meant that South Korea “has a policy not to make any additional claims against Japan at the government level.”
But the statement said individual victims themselves have the right to seek grievance, adding that “the real problem cannot be solved only by agreements between the governments that do not reflect the intentions of the victims.”
The government will therefore consult with the comfort women victims “and endeavour to achieve an amicable solution”
Japan, meanwhile, should make “a genuine effort to restore the victims’ honour and dignity, and heal wounds,” it said.
Earlier, Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi urged South Korea to “immediately” take action against the Seoul District Court’s Jan. 08 ruling, which became final Saturday with Tokyo not appealing, saying it “clearly goes against international law and an agreement between the Japanese and South Korean governments.”
“It is extremely regrettable and utterly unacceptable,” Motegi said in a statement.
“Japan again strongly urges South Korea to immediately take appropriate measures to correct this state in violation of international law under its responsibility as a state,” he said.
On Jan. 08, the court awarded 12 plaintiffs 100 million won (US$90,400) each as demanded, saying the Japanese government committed “intentional, systematic and wide-ranging criminal acts against humanity.”
It also granted a provisional execution of the compensation order, making it possible to immediately seize Japanese government assets.
Japan has said the lawsuit should be rejected on the grounds of sovereign immunity — a principle under international law that allows a state to be shielded against the jurisdiction of foreign courts.
It also asserts the ruling goes against a bilateral agreement that settled all claims related to Japan’s 1910-1945 colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula and a 2015 agreement the two governments struck to “finally and irreversibly” resolve the comfort women issue.
Under the 2015 deal, the Japanese government paid 1 billion yen (US$9.63 million), and the money was distributed through a foundation to former comfort women and the families of those who died.
However, the foundation was dissolved in 2019 after the administration of South Korean President Moon Jae In concluded that the deal, reached under a previous government, failed to properly reflect the women’s wishes. Some 5.7 billion won remains unused.
In a bid to improve bilateral ties, already at a historic low over another dispute on wartime labour, Moon told a press conference Monday he wants to discuss a resolution to the row with Japan.
But Japanese officials have been against the idea of holding talks to find mutual ground, saying it is not Japan’s responsibility but up to the South Korean side which broke the international and bilateral agreements to come up with a resolution. (Source: Mainichi Japan)