Wishing to escape the squalid and miserable conditions in the Bangladeshi refugee camps, hundreds of Rohingya paid traffickers up to US$2,000 for a promise of a new life in Malaysia after just one week at sea.
But after suffering more than 200 days of terror on the high seas, the refugees were back in refugee tents in Indonesia this week.
At sea, the refugees – mostly women and children – were beaten, battled hunger and thirst as storms lashed their wooden vessel, and watched in horror as the corpses of their companions who died were tossed overboard.
“We were told that we’d reach Malaysia in seven or eight days, but we floated in the water for months,” one male survivor told AFP from a makeshift tent camp on Indonesia’s Sumatra island.
“We suffered miserably. (The crew) tortured us all the time, beating and cutting us.”
Kamrun Nahar, another survivor, said she lost count of how many bodies were thrown into the sea, adding “mothers and their children died” after succumbing to illness.
The new accounts — and those of nearly 100 Rohingya who landed in Indonesia in June — suggest some 800 migrants left Bangladesh on a large boat around March before being split onto smaller vessels.
Many paid up to US$2,400 to get aboard, but smugglers held them hostage for months in order to extort more money from their friends and relatives, survivors and aid agencies said.
“Traffickers were said to be demanding transfers of as much as 5,000 ringgit (US$1,200),” the Jakarta-based Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict (IPAC) said in a report.
Despite their ordeal, the group looked relatively healthy, suggesting that traffickers had an interest in keeping them alive.
Experts say some smuggling boats are fitted with desalinisation machines to produce potable water during the hazardous crossings.
But the latest arrivals said they were fed little more than a handful of rice and a glass of water each day.
In another twist, IPAC said many women on board were hoping to reach romantic partners in Malaysia.
“Most are already married either virtually or otherwise to men in Malaysia who financed their travel,” it said.
But it is a perilous operation and an estimated 200 Rohingya have died at sea this year, said Ann Maymann, the Indonesia representative for UNHCR, the UN’s refugee agency.
“It’s a horrific journey, it’s very unpredictable”, Maymann told AFP.”Those who disembarked are probably those whose families have paid.”
The latest survivor accounts — including claims there could have been as many as 100 dead — could not be independently verified by AFP but they match reports given to international organisations, including the UNHCR.
This week’s arrival was one of the biggest such landings by the persecuted Myanmar minority in years.
Around one million Muslim Rohingya live in cramped refugee camps in Bangladesh — next to their native Myanmar — where human traffickers run lucrative operations promising to find them sanctuary abroad.
Muslim-majority Malaysia and Indonesia are favoured destinations for Rohingya trying to escape Bangladesh.
Rights groups have called on Indonesia’s government to negotiate a long-term plan for Rohingya migrants with neighbouring countries. (Source: Bangkok Post)