The UN Office for Human Rights (OHCHR) on Tuesday requested the government of Kazakhstan to do a “prompt, independent, impartial investigations” after 164 people were killed in the ongoing unrest in the country.
In a news briefing by OHCHR spokesperson Liz Throssell at the United Nations in Geneva, the rights agency also wanted to know whether “unnecessary and disproportionate use of force was made by security forces”.
Close to 10,000 people are now estimated to be held in detention following the riots. “We understand that the Ministry of Interior has announced that some 9,900 people are in detention as of the 11th of January. Now, this is clearly a huge number,” said Ms. Throssell.
“Under international law, people have the right to protest peacefully and the right to express their opinions. And they shouldn’t be detained simply for expressing their opinions,” Ms. Throssell added.
“All those arrested and detained solely for exercising these rights should be released immediately,” she added.
She said damage and destruction around the country’s largest city of Almaty had been widely witnessed and reported, and although the UN has no clear breakdown of who is being detained, “clearly there will be some people who have been arrested and are likely to be charged,” the OHCHR spokesperson said.
She added, that “at the same time, of course, we have to also stress clearly that there were also armed individuals who were taking to the streets of Almaty and other parts of Kazakhstan”.
Ms. Throssell stressed that all detainees should have access to a lawyer, as part of their basic human rights.
“What is very important for us is that the ombudsperson, the Kazakh ombudsperson, is able to fulfil fully her mandate related to what is called the national preventive mechanism, and that relates to torture, by visiting places of detention,” she said.
According to news agencies, protests began on Sunday when the government lifted its price cap on liquified petroleum gas (LPG), a popular fuel for cars and heating – although that hike was later reversed. Unrest appeared to spread rapidly to include longstanding political grievances.
A state of emergency, which was declared in several areas of Kazakhstan on 05 January (including in the main city of Almaty and the capital, Nur-Sultan) has been extended to the whole country.
A week after the start of the riots that shook the country, calm is gradually returning to Almaty, the largest city in Kazakhstan. A day of mourning is being observed throughout the country on Tuesday, while the telephone network, Internet and public transport are gradually being restored, OHCHR said.
Meanwhile, UN independent human rights experts on Tuesday, called on the Kazakhstan authorities and security forces to halt their unrestrained use of force, including lethal force directed at protesters and called for independent and human-rights based investigations into how the Government used force in recent days to quell protests.
In a statement, the Human Rights Council-appointed experts said they were profoundly concerned that Kazakhstan’s President reportedly gave orders to security forces and army to “open fire with lethal force” against protesters he described as bandits and terrorists.
The Special Rapporteur on counter-terrorism and human rights, Fionnuala NíAoláin, who carried out an official visit to Kazakhstan in May 2019 – including to Aktau and Almaty – both areas where protests took place – said that Kazakhstan’s overly broad use of the word “terrorism” in this context against protesters, civil society activists, human rights defenders, journalists and political parties, appeared to be aimed at instilling fear and was deeply concerning.
Her comments were endorsed by several other independent UN experts. (Source: UN News)