A recent report by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) showed 95,600 arrivals this year compared to 104,535 last year, an 8 percent decrease in the number of migrants and refugees entering Europe this year compared to last year.
Arrivals this year in Greece and Spain are at 53,163 and 22,544, respectively, (75,707 combined) accounting for about 79 percent of the regional total, with the balance arriving in much smaller numbers to Italy, Malta and Cyprus.
Arrivals to Greece are running approximately 84 percent ahead of 2018’s totals from this time. Arrivals in Spain are more than 55 percent lower.
Deaths recorded on the three main Mediterranean Sea routes through 20 November stand at 1,091 individuals—or about 51 percent of the 2,137 deaths confirmed during the same period in 2018.
IOM Rome’s Flavio Di Giacomo cited official Ministry of Interior figures of 10,030 migrants have arrived in Italy by sea this year through 20 November, compared to 22,5412 at this same time in 2018.
IOM Libya has reported that through 15 November 8.309 migrants have been intercepted at sea and returned to Libya in 2019.
IOM Greece’s Christine Nikolaidou reported on Thursday, November 21, the arrival of nearly 13,000 (12,792) irregular migrants through the Aegean between the days November 13 and 19, an average of nearly 400 per day.
Through all of November daily arrivals have run to just over 280 individuals, making this the year’s third busiest month behind September (345/day) and October (297/day). Through the first half of 2019, daily arrivals topped 125 only once, in June (126/day), and remained relatively low through the months of July and August.
2019 is the sixth year of IOM’s efforts to systematically record deaths on migration routes worldwide through its Missing Migrants Project. Since the beginning of 2014, the project has recorded the deaths of 34,028 people, including 2,866 in 2019.
Due to the challenges of collecting information about these people and the contexts of their deaths, the true number of lives lost during migration is likely much higher. Missing Migrants Project records should only be viewed as indicative of the risks associated with migration, rather than representative of the true number of deaths across time or geography.
Missing Migrants Project tracks incidents involving migrants, including refugees and asylum-seekers, who have died or gone missing in the process of migration towards an international destination. (Source: IOM)