While the rest of the world struggle to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, in war-torn Syria where hospitals are unable to meet existing needs and hygiene conditions are dire, the coronavirus infestation is a looming disaster, experts warned.
Official numbers are low with two deaths and 25 confirmed cases, but only 100 patients are being tested daily, with half of the testing carried out in the capital Damascus.
The outbreak has infected more than 1.9 million people and killed more than 118,000 around the world since emerging in China in December last year.
In Syria, the Damascus government has closed borders, forbidden movement between provinces and shut schools and restaurants in an effort to stem the spread of the virus.
And while the government has regained control of most of the country after almost a decade of civil war, some areas are still held by pro-Ankara rebels and separatist Kurds.
Experts accuse Damascus of minimizing its death toll for political motives.
“Medical staffs believe that there are many people who are dying in Syria with the symptoms of the virus,” said Zaki Mehchy, senior consulting fellow at London-based think tank Chatham House.
“But the security agencies ask them or order them not to mention it, especially to the media,” he added.
Aid groups are sounding the alarm on the potentially devastating consequences of a severe outbreak in Syria, where nine years of war have hit hospitals and left them ill-equipped to deal with the pandemic.
“There is a disaster in the making,” said Emile Hokayem, Middle East analyst at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London (IISS).
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), less than two-thirds of hospitals were up and running at the end of 2019 and 70 per cent of healthcare workers have fled since the war began in 2011.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) warned that physical distancing is impossible in displacement camps in Idlib, the last rebel-held province, which was already enduring a humanitarian crisis before the pandemic started.
“A lack of food, clean water and exposure to cold weather have already left hundreds of thousands of people in poor health, making them even more vulnerable,” said Misty Buswell from aid group International Rescue Committee (IRC), adding that the devastation in Idlib could be “unimaginable”.
The IRC said that almost all of the 105 intensive care beds and 30 adult ventilators in Idlib were already in use.
WHO said testing would start in Idlib at the end of March, but little help is to be expected from Damascus, according to MazenGharibah, associate researcher at the London School of Economics.
“One cannot simply assume that the regime – which was systematically targeting the hospitals three weeks ago – is going to provide the same hospitals with medical equipment next week,” he said.
Activists have repeatedly accused the government of targeting hospitals in rebel-held areas, a charge denied by Damascus.
A ceasefire negotiated at the beginning of March for the northwest region between the two main foreign power brokers in Syria’s war, Russia and Turkey, has so far held. (Source: CNA)