Amnesty International has called for urgent action as it revealed at least 41 Sri Lankan women, majority of whom are migrant domestic workers, have spent months arbitrarily detained at a deportation centre in Saudi Arabia, awaiting repatriation to their home country.
The women have been held at a Deportation Detention (Tarheel) Centre in Riyadh for periods ranging from eight to 18 months.
At least three of them have young children detained with them, and one woman is in urgent need of medical care and treatment which she is not receiving.
Their plight is a stark illustration of how domestic workers remain caught up in the inherently abusive kafala (sponsorship) system.
In March 2021 Saudi Arabia brought in reforms to its kafala system, however these reforms excluded migrant domestic workers who make up 30% of the country’s 10 million migrant workers.
“Detaining migrant workers for prolonged periods of up to 18 months when they have done nothing wrong and are victims themselves is cruel and inhumane,” said Lynn Maalouf, Deputy Middle East and North Africa Director at Amnesty International.
“These women left their homes and families behind to earn a livelihood in Saudi Arabia only to find themselves locked into an abusive sponsorship system that facilitates exploitation and abuse. Now they are indefinitely detained with no opportunity to challenge their detention and no indication of when they can be reunited with their loved ones.”
“Their ordeal clearly illustrates the urgent need for Saudi Arabia to extend labour law protections and reforms to its kafala system to migrant domestic workers. The Saudi Arabian authorities should immediately release all women detained solely for their migration status and work with the Sri Lankan authorities to facilitate their return home,” Ms. Maalouf added.
None of the women have been informed of any charges brought against them; nor have they been granted access to a lawyer or received any consular assistance.
Many were detained after they were unable to obtain an exit permit from their employer to leave the country or a work permit to regularize their stay in the country. Under Saudi Arabia’s kafala system which ties migrant workers to their employer, this is grounds for indefinite detention.
Amnesty International interviewed 11 individuals with close knowledge of the detentions, including migrant domestic workers, an activist and an official from the Sri Lankan Embassy in Riyadh.
In at least five cases, women were detained because they fled from an abusive employer and had not obtained an exit permit from their employer to leave the country.
For many of the women the anxiety of their prolonged detention is compounded by the fact that they have families at home who depended on the money they sent from their jobs in Saudi Arabia.
One of the detainees had run away from an employer who regularly beat her. After she sought help at the local police, she was sent to the detention centre where she has now been held for eight months. She is a mother of three girls, and her family in Sri Lanka rely on her income.
In March 2021, Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Labour introduced limited reforms to its kafala system, allowing migrant workers to exit the country and leave jobs without the permission of their employers if they fulfil certain conditions.
However, these will do little to eliminate the risk of labour abuses and exploitation faced by migrant workers who continue to be tied to employers who retain tremendous control over them.
Amnesty International wrote to the Sri Lankan and Saudi Arabian authorities on 31 March to demand they expedite the release and repatriation of the detained women.
A Sri Lankan official at the Embassy in Riyadh told Amnesty that they are unable to routinely visit the women due to capacity issues and the need to make a specific request. They have also not provided the women legal assistance.
The official also said that the Embassy and Ministry of Foreign Affairs are liaising with “Saudia airlines” in Colombo to arrange a flight home.
The women have yet to receive any confirmed information about such arrangements. Amnesty has not yet received a response about the findings from the Saudi Arabian authorities.
The 41 Sri Lankan women are among hundreds of women migrant workers from other nationalities detained at Exit 18 Deportation Detention Centre. (Source: Amnesty Intl.)