Death of child housemaid prompts call for reform in Pakistan’s child labour laws


An eight-year-old maid who died from her horrific injuries in a hospital in Pakistan has caused outrage in the country and prompted for calls to change the country’s laws on child labour.

On May 31, Zohra Shah was brought to a hospital in Rawalpindi, in Punjab province with serious injuries, from which she died afterwards.

Pakistani police have arrested the girl’s employers, a couple, over her killing.

Shah’s death drew parallel with another underage case involving a 10-year-old maid who died in 2016 after being tortured by her employers, a judge and his wife.

Following an outpouring of anger on social media about Shah’s death, the country’s human rights ministry said it would work to ensure her killers were brought to justice.

“We will have a better picture once the (police) investigation is complete,” Fauzia Chaudhry, a lawyer at the ministry, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone.

“Once we know for sure, we will take action,” she said.

The minister for human rights, Shireen Mazari, tweeted on June 03 that the ministry had proposed amending a child labour law to classify domestic work as a “hazardous occupation.”

That would mean children could not legally be employed as maids or other household staff.

It is illegal for children to work in factories and other industries in Pakistan, but there are still about 12 million child workers in the country, said Sajjad Cheema, executive director of Pakistani NGO Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (SPARC).

Many work as domestic staff in private homes, making it more difficult for authorities to detect.

Extreme poverty pushes many families to send their children to work, Chaudhry said.

“In Shah’s case, the parents were so poor they were reluctant to take their child’s body back to the village as they did not have enough money for the ambulance or funeral rites,” she said, adding that the government had arranged to cover the costs.

RabiyaJaveri Agha, federal secretary at the rights ministry, said contradictions within the country’s constitution about the legal age must be addressed in order to protect children from violence at the hand of employers.

“There needs to be legal and constitutional clarity on the age of the child,” she said, highlighting several sections of the country’s constitution and penal code that needed revisiting.

She highlighted the ministry’s role in amending a law to make “cruelty to a child” a penal offence, but said more remained to be done:

“Beyond legislation, however, there is an urgent need to change our culture of discipline through corporal punishments – both at home and in schools.” (Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation)